Journal article published at MDPI Machine Learning and Knowledge Extraction

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I just published a journal article at MDPI MAKE. The review and publishing process was excellent and we could improve the article alot compared to the submitted version.

Abstract: For incremental machine-learning applications it is often important to robustly estimate the system accuracy during training, especially if humans perform the supervised teaching. Cross-validation and interleaved test/train error are here the standard supervised approaches. We propose a novel semi-supervised accuracy estimation approach that clearly outperforms these two methods. We introduce the Configram Estimation (CGEM) approach to predict the accuracy of any classifier that delivers confidences. By calculating classification confidences for unseen samples, it is possible to train an offline regression model, capable of predicting the classifier’s accuracy on novel data in a semi-supervised fashion. We evaluate our method with several diverse classifiers and on analytical and real-world benchmark data sets for both incremental and active learning. The results show that our novel method improves accuracy estimation over standard methods and requires less supervised training data after deployment of the model. We demonstrate the application of our approach to a challenging robot object recognition task, where the human teacher can use our method to judge sufficient training.

Proposed Accuracy Estimation Model.
Proposed Accuracy Estimation Model.